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Combine activities

Combine small activities into composite activities

A technique for combining smaller tasks into larger ones to reduce setup times and improve the quality of work.

Reijers, H., & Liman Mansar, S. (2005). Best practices in business process redesign: an overview and qualitative evaluation of successful redesign heuristics. Omega, 33(4)


Task Combination is a process optimization technique that involves combining smaller tasks into larger ones. This technique reduces setup times, which are the time that resources need to become familiar with the specifics of a case, and can improve the quality of work. However, it is important to strike a balance between the size of the tasks and their workability. Tasks that are too large can result in smaller run-time flexibility and lower quality. Smaller tasks, on the other hand, can result in longer setup times.

Task Combination
Task Combination

Performance considerations

By finding the optimal balance, organizations can achieve the best of both worlds: shorter setup times, higher quality, and greater flexibility.

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Foundational free Patterns

Assign cases

Let workers perform as many steps as possible for single cases

Work in customer teams

Form cross-department teams for end-to-end case handling.

Establish standardized interfaces

Consider a standardized interface with customers and partners

Resequence activities

Move activities to more appropriate places


Consider to deepen or broaden the skills of resources

Split responsibilities

Avoid shared responsibilities for tasks by people from different functional units

Green Compensation

Start implementing actions that can offset or counterbalance the environmental effects generated by business processes that cannot be changed.

Human Process Performance

Consider whether it is eco-friendly to let humans work over machines

Offer temporal flexibility

Let customers interact with your organization whenever they want to.


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Connected to

Apply triage

Consider the division of a general activity into two or more alternative activities

Consolidate Work

Collect similar work items and work in batches

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