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Minimize numerical involvement

Too many cooks spoil the broth

Minimize the number of departments, groups and persons involved in a business process

Reijers, H., & Liman Mansar, S. (2005). Best practices in business process redesign: an overview and qualitative evaluation of successful redesign heuristics. Omega, 33(4)

category: Organization
class: Resource Rules
frameworkAspect: Org-.structure
perspective: organizational/resource


Performance considerations

Employing this approach should mitigate coordination issues. Time saved on coordination can be allocated to case processing. Decreasing department count could reduce shared responsibilities, akin to the split responsibilities approach. Yet, it might hinder expertise development (quality concern) and routine efficiency (cost concern).

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Foundational free Patterns

Assign cases

Let workers perform as many steps as possible for single cases

Work in customer teams

Form cross-department teams for end-to-end case handling.

Establish standardized interfaces

Consider a standardized interface with customers and partners

Resequence activities

Move activities to more appropriate places


Consider to deepen or broaden the skills of resources

Split responsibilities

Avoid shared responsibilities for tasks by people from different functional units

Green Compensation

Start implementing actions that can offset or counterbalance the environmental effects generated by business processes that cannot be changed.

Human Process Performance

Consider whether it is eco-friendly to let humans work over machines

Offer temporal flexibility

Let customers interact with your organization whenever they want to.


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Connected to

Reduce touchpoints

Reduce the number of contacts with customers and third parties

Deploy extra resources

If capacity is insufficient, consider increasing the available number of resources

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